Patan Durbar Square, located in the city of Patan (also known as Lalitpur), Nepal, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for its impressive collection of ancient temples, palaces, and shrines. One of the most notable features of the square is its pagoda-style temples.
Pagoda temples are a distinctive architectural style that originated in China and were later adopted throughout East Asia, including Nepal. They are characterized by their multi-tiered, curved roofs that taper to a point, often with decorative eaves and finials. The pagoda temples in Patan Durbar Square are examples of the traditional Nepali style of pagoda architecture, which features a rectangular base and a stepped, pyramid-shaped roof.
The most famous pagoda temple in Patan Durbar Square is the Krishna Mandir, which was built in the 17th century by King Siddhinarsingh Malla in honor of Lord Krishna. The temple is dedicated to the god Vishnu, and it's intricate carvings and colorful decorations make it one of the most beautiful and well-preserved examples of Nepali architecture in the Kathmandu Valley.
Another notable pagoda temple in the square is the Taleju Bhawani Temple, which was built in the 16th century and is dedicated to the goddess Taleju Bhawani. This temple is particularly important as it is one of the few temples in Nepal that is open to non-Hindu visitors.
Overall, the pagoda temples in Patan Durbar Square are not only impressive examples of traditional Nepali architecture but also serve as important religious and cultural landmarks in the region.